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Best skincare ingredients for pigmentation

Uneven skin tone and melasma, dark patches, on the skin are frequent skin complaints.

Hormonal changes can cause pigmentation and exposure to the sun is also a well-known trigger. Triggers of melasma can include sun exposure and hormonal changes.

We’ve rounded up the best ingredients to look out for in your skincare to combat the problem, as recommended by exerts.
 
Natural skin brighteners 

Liquorice extract
Liquorice is a great all-rounder for skin brightening and protecting against hyper-pigmentation. The chemicals found in liquorice can act against hyperpigmentation, age spots, acne scarring, sun damage and melasma. Glabridin is thought to protect skin from darkening in the first place and liquirtin increases skin renewal and disperses melanin in existing pigmentation.

Daisy flower extract 
Daisy flower extract has been shown to obstruct the production of an amino acid tyrosine, which is necessary for development of melanin, by as much as 50 per cent. It is also known to prevent further hyperpigmentation.

Mulberry extract
 
Mulberry extract has been shown to diminish hyperpigmentation in fair to dark skin tones. The compound arbutin is responsible for inhibiting melanin production. It can also decrease the melanin produced as a result of sun exposure.

Acids 
Azeliac 
Azelaic acid is a natural ingredient found in grains, such as wheat, rye and barley. It works to lighten overall skin tone by inhibiting the enzyme tyrosinase to reduce melanin production.

Kojic
 
Kojic acid is derived from mushrooms and is often used as a food preservative as well as a skin lightening ingredient. In the same way as most brightening agents, it works by blocking tyrosine from forming to prevent melanin production.

Glycolic
The use of alpha hydroxy acids, particularly glycolic acid, has risen significantly over the last ten years. Glycolic acid can help to fade dark patches by gradually exfoliating away dark marks and scars to resurface the skin.

There is now a wealth of effective products on the market to treat hyper-pigmentation and a dermatologist will be able to advise you on products with the best combination of ingredients for you.  The old adage that prevention is better than cure is very much the case when it comes to hyper-pigmentation, however. Make sure to apply a full-spectrum sun protection, SPF 30 at least, every day to prevent stimulation of pigment.